Ammonium Chloride(NH4Cl) is an inorganic chemical compound that is the most common naturally occurring in mineralogical form. It is a urinary acidifying salt of ammonia and a systematic salt. It has its wide applications in commercial side. It has ammonium as a counter ion and chloride compound. It has a primary hazard as a threat posed to the environment. It is also called a Sal ammoniac.
USES AND APPLICATIONS FOR Ammonium Chloride
- It has main applications in medicines to prevent urine stones in sheep, goats, and cattle.
- It serves as a nitrogen source in fertilizers.
- It is utilized as a yeast nutrient in bread making.
- To create low temperatures, it is used in cooling baths.
- It works as an acidifier.
- It is used in glue to bind wood.
- It is used in electroplating, electro refining of zinc.
- It is used as a flux to galvanize metals.
It is prepared as a by-product in the Solvay process for the production of sodium carbonate. It occurs in certain volcanic areas. Industrially, Ammonium Chloride is produced by reacting the ammonia with gaseous hydrogen chloride.
- It reacts with bases.
- It has a cooling saline taste.
- It is a stable substance under storage conditions.
- It is a saturator and absorber.
- It has a refractive index of 1.642.
- It is not corrosive but does corrode.
- Its vapor pressure is 1mmHg.
- It is not flammable or combustible.