Barium Chloride (BaCl2) is an inorganic odorless white compound with toxic effects. It is one of the hygroscopic salts of barium. It is a water-soluble chemical compound. Relatively, it is insoluble in ethanol but soluble in methanol. One of its main characteristics is it proves to be a neutral salt meaning neither acidic nor basic. Barium Chloride is toxic as if swallowed or ingested, it causes irritation to mucous membrane, skin, and eyes. It can have a negative impact on the kidneys and nervous system of human beings.
USES AND APPLICATIONS FOR Barium Chloride
- It serves as raw material in the formulation of Barium salts.
- Its application is refining oil, industrially.
- To harden the steel, it is very helpful.
- It works as a purifier for brine solutions.
- It is used in making rubber and paper.
- One of the great uses of Barium Chloride is, it is utilized in treating wool for stuffing mattresses.
- It is used in the manufacturing of white leather.
- It works as a boiler compound and reagent.
- It serves as a pesticide.
Industrially, it is obtained from barium sulphate. At high temperature, barium sulphate converts to barium sulphide. Then treating it with hydrochloric acid results in the formation of Barium Chloride.
- It is decomposed when heated and emits toxic fumes of hydrochloric acid.
- It reacts with sulphuric acid; the result is white precipitates.
- Its vapour pressure is essentially zero and low.
- It has a bitter salty taste.
- Its index of refraction is 1.73.
- It can prove fatal if inhaled in a large amount.