Copper Chloride is an inorganic chloride of copper which is also called a cupric chloride or copper dichloride. It is a copper molecular entity that occurs naturally as an anhydrous mineral. These both are obtained from fumaroles areas. Copper chloride appears as a yellowish-brown powder whereas in its dehydrate form it seems as a green crystalline solid.
Its anhydrous form adopts a distorted cadmium iodide structure and monoclinic crystals, it may corrode to metals in the presence of moisture, and itself is corrosive to aluminium. If it is decomposed by heating, emits toxic fumes of hydrogen chloride. As it is corrosive compound, it forms dehydrate in moist air. Copper Chloride is soluble in acetone, ethanol, methanol, however slightly solube in ether and soluble in hot sulphuric acid. Though it is insoluble in water but dissolves in in ammonia or in hydrochloric acid because of the formation of complex ions.
USES AND APPLICATIONS FOR Copper Chloride
Here are some uses of Copper Chloride are listed below:
- It works as an isomerization and cracking catalyst in some organic and inorganic reactions.
- It is used in petroleum industries for deodorizing and desulphurizing.
- It serves in metallurgy in wet process for recovering mercury from ores, and in refining silver, and gold.
- It is utilized in tinting baths for iron, tin and in electrotyping baths for plating copper.
- It is used in photography as fixer, desensitizer, and reagent.
- It is used in producing color in pyrotechnic compositions and in manufacturing of acrylonitrile, and fast black melanin.
- It is utilized in pigments for glass, ceramics and serves as feed additive, and disinfectant.
- It works as a purifying agent for water treatment.