|Appearance||White, odorless solid|
|Melting Point||190 °C|
|Molar Mass||118.088 g/mole|
Succinic acid’s name was derived from the Latin word succinum (means amber), with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H) 2. It is a di-carboxylic acid, but most of the mono- and di-carboxylic acid is not harmful, but it can cause irritation to the skin and eyes. Succinic acid is a white, odorless crystalline powder and remains solid at room temperature. In an aqueous solution, it ionizes rapidly and produces a conjugate base.
For manufacturing succinic acid, some common industrial routes are available. These routes include hydrogenation of maleic acid, oxidation of 1,4-butanediol, or carbonylation of ethylene glycol. Before these methods, succinic acid was used to obtained amber by distillation and known as its spirit. Butane (obtained from maleic anhydride) use to prepare succinic acid. The annual production of succinic acid is approx. 16000-30000 tons globally. In the modern era, methods are recognized for succinic acid production by fermentation of glucose.
Succinic acid has a wide range of applications in the food and beverage industry. Succinic acid is a pH regulator. Dye making, perfumes, lacquers, resin, and coating use succinic acid as an intermediate. Manufacturing photographic chemicals, plasticizers, metal treatment chemicals, and as well as in medicine for making sedatives, antispasmers, cancer-curing, anchors use succinic acid. It is proved safe by U.S Food and Drug Administration. It is a precursor to some alkyd resins and polyesters. Synthesizing 1, 4-butanediol needs succinic acid. Succinic acid serves as a base for several polymers and has also used in many metabolic reactions in bodies. As succinic acid is a non-hygroscopic, many foods use it as an acidulant to build taste. It plays a vital role in rubber, petrochemical process, lubricants, and clothes fibers production.
Succinic acid is a weak acid and safe to use, but ingestion and inhalation can cause skin and eyes irritation, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
It is used in numerous industrial applications like:-
… and many more.
Details of SNDB Chemicals Succinic Acid can be found below:-
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